Lost in transition: Explaining authoritarianism in Peru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a journalpeer-review


International reports by human rights organizations coincide that the government of Dina Boluarte in Peru has responded to social mobilization with disproportionate actions by public forces. Whereas recent scholarship explains the rising authoritarianism in the country to the weakness of political actors, this article provides a different interpretation by focusing on the political and economic legacies of the authoritarian government of Alberto Fujimori (1990–2000). Post-Fujimori governments have been unable to complete a double transition: a transition to consolidate democracy and a transition to advance towards a postconflict society. Rather, they have empowered economic elites and have deepened stigmatization and repression of social mobilization. To understand current authoritarianism, it is important to identify where concrete power resides and how state practices respond to the influence and needs of powerful actors.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Transitional Justice
Issue number3
Early online date29 Aug 2023
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.


  • Authoritarianism
  • Human rights
  • Political legacy
  • Democracy
  • Political actors
  • Economic elites
  • Social mobilization
  • Democratic transition
  • Peru


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