Institutionalization of corporate bribery: A measurement proposal with evidence from a Latin American sample

Gustavo Adolfo Yepes-López, José Luis Camarena, Julián Mauricio Cruz-Pulido, Luz Jeannette Quintero-Campos, Virginia Lasio, Jorge Rodriguez, Jack Zambrano-Vera, Consuelo Adelaida García de la Torre, María Matilde Schwalb-Helguero, María Ángela Prialé, José Solís-Sierra, Maruzella Rossi-Undurraga, Roberto Carvajal-Ramos, Pedro Javier Martinez, Victoria González-Gutiérrez, Rogelio Sánchez-Reyna, Griselda Lassaga, Nicolás Beltramino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a journalpeer-review


Purpose: This article aims to report on the development and validation of a bribery measurement index for the business sector, which, based on institutional theory, seeks to overcome the limitations of traditional measurements, recognizing the dynamics that originate the phenomenon and identifying process components. Design/methodology/approach: To construct the index, correlational and principal component analysis techniques were used, as well as rigorous statistical tests, validating the instrument in a sample of 2,963 companies in Latin America, including Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico and Peru. Findings: The result was an instrument composed of two dimensions: (1) anti-bribery game rules, composed of regulations knowledge and anti-bribery efforts, and (2) bribery as a perceived habit, allowing an objective representation of reality due to its internal consistency, concurrent and discriminant validity. Practical implications: This instrument is one of the few that focuses on measuring bribery in the business sector in terms of corrupt practices, applicable for both public and private institutions to promote game rules against bribery. Additionally, the proposed theoretical model can be used to measure other phenomena with similar characteristics. Originality/value: This article empirically highlights different variables that make bribery possible. The results can be helpful in the design of strategies to prevent this type of behavior. It also highlights the importance of designing mechanisms to record information related to bribery and the different expressions of corruption in order to explain its different nuances.
Translated title of the contributionInstitucionalización del soborno corporativo: Una propuesta de medición con evidencia de una muestra de América Latina
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-244
Number of pages28
JournalAcademia Revista Latinoamericana de Administracion
Issue number2
Early online date6 Jun 2023
StatePublished - 29 Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

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© 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited.


  • Bribery
  • Corruption
  • Index
  • Latin American companies
  • Institutional theory


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