Finite mixture of Birnbaum-Saunders distributions using the k bumps algorithm

Luis Benites, Rocío Maehara, Filidor Vilca, Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos

Research output: Other contributionpeer-review


Mixture models have received a great deal of attention in statistics due to the wide range of applications found in recent years. This paper discusses a finite mixture model of Birnbaum- Saunders distributions with G components, as an important supplement of the work developed by Balakrishnan et al. (2011), who only considered two components. Our proposal enables the modeling of proper multimodal scenarios with greater flexibility, where the identifiability of the model with G components is proven and an EM-algorithm for the maximum likelihood (ML) estimation of the mixture parameters is developed, in which the k-bumps algorithm is used as an initialization strategy in the EM algorithm. The performance of the k-bumps algorithm as an initialization tool is evaluated through simulation experiments. Moreover, the empirical information matrix is derived analytically to account for standard error, and bootstrap procedures for testing hypotheses about the number of components in the mixture are implemented. Finally, we perform simulation studies and analyze two real datasets to illustrate the usefulness of the proposed method.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherCornell University
Number of pages23
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Birnbaum-Saunders distributio
  • EM algorithm
  • k-bumps algorithm
  • Maximum likelihood estimation
  • Finite mixture


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