Reacting to change within change: Adaptive leadership and the Peruvian response to Venezuelan immigration

Valeria Aron Said, Soledad Castillo Jara

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revista revisión exhaustiva

8 Citas (Scopus)


Peru is the second most important destination country for Venezuelan emigration. The country’s policy response can be separated into two distinct phases: the first one, under former president Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (July 2016–March 2018), is characterized by relative openness; the second one, under incumbent president Martín Vizcarra (in office since March 2018), is characterized by policy closure and a shift towards securitization. In this paper, we apply the concept of adaptive leadership to explain the stark difference in the migration-related governance of both presidents. We find that the policy shift can be explained by an interplay between three factors: an internal political crisis due to conflict between the executive and legislative branches of government; the change in number and social profiles of Venezuelan migrants, with a tendency towards lower social, economic and educational statuses; and the rise in xenophobic attitudes among the Peruvian population.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)57-76
Número de páginas20
PublicaciónInternational Migration
EstadoPublicada - feb. 2022
Publicado de forma externa

Nota bibliográfica

Funding Information:
The authors thank Luisa Feline Freier for her advice and guidance in improving this paper, and Andrea Kvietok for her help in proofreading the manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Authors. International Migration © 2020 IOM


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