Overeducation and overskilling in Latin America: Evidence from PIAAC

Juan Francisco Castro, Lorena Ortega, Gustavo Yamada, David Mata

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revista revisión exhaustiva


Occupational mismatch is a highly debated phenomenon in developed countries, but rarely addressed in developing economies. This study investigates the magnitudes of overeducation and overskilling in four Latin American countries in which tertiary education has expanded rapidly (i.e. Chile, Ecuador, Mexico and Peru). Using objective and subjective measures derived from PIAAC, we find that overeducation affects between 29% and 43% of the workforce and has a regressive nature. Overskilling is significantly lower than overeducation in Peru and Ecuador, and this can be related to more years of education failing to translate into more skills. Overskilling is higher in the OECD than in Latin America, and differences measured using subjective indicators are not related to additional basic skill attainment of OECD workers. This indicates that workers’ perceptions about how their skills compare against the performed tasks involve abilities additional to the basic skills considered in the objective indicators.
Idioma originalInglés
Número de páginas19
PublicaciónComparative Education
EstadoPublicación electrónica previa a su impresión - 11 ago. 2023

Nota bibliográfica

Funding Information:
This project was funded by the Chilean National Agency for Research and Development [ANID REDES 190070] and Centro de Investigación de la Universidad del Pacífico, Lima, Peru.Support from PIA-ANID Basal Funds for Centers of Excellence Project FB0003 is gratefully acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


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