Gender Relations in a Privileged Environment: An Ambivalent Sexism Approach to the Narratives of Youths from an Elite University in Modern Lima, Peru

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Sexist attitudes differ according to the socioeconomic level to which individuals belong and can be replicated in different environments throughout life. In our study, we explore the sexist attitudes that emerge in the relational narrative of upper-class students about to graduate from an elite private university. Thus, we contribute to filling the gap in understanding the sexist attitudes of young students from the most privileged segment of society, considering that elite private educational institutions provide professionals who run large companies and hold positions of power in public agencies. For this purpose, we applied a thematic analysis under a qualitative approach. Based on three focus groups, we identified three themes: (1) family nurture, (2) status and power attainment, and (3) couple relationships. The results suggest that male students hold a narrative that reaffirms their benevolent sexist attitudes toward both men and women, whereas female students exhibit a discourse with overtones of hostile sexist attitudes toward both genders. Although both groups wish to move away from the traditional heritage of their family environments, a nuanced discourse is noticed in female expressions aimed at preserving class privileges. However, females use more aggressive and direct language towards women themselves.
Período19 ene. 2024