During the period 2000-2017, the Mexican economy was characterized by favourable results at the macroeconomic level. Among other factors of good performance, GDP increased from US$707.9 billion to US$1224 billion. However, growth was uneven within the country and there were large gaps between the federative entities and the economic sectors. Regarding social indicators, inequality improved, though multidimensional poverty increased between 2000 and 2017. Moreover, Mexico is one of the most conflictive countries in Latin America, with an increasing number of social conflicts, which are related mainly to narcotrafficking and organized crime. This paper discusses the relationship between the increased conflict and growth, and its disparities with social outcomes. The paradox between good economic performance and social conflict is discussed, at both a national and state level.