From business associations to business groups: business-government relations and corporate networks during the military dictatorship, Peru 1968–1980

Martín Monsalve Zanatti, Abel Puerta Alarcón

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Between 1968 and 1980, Peru was governed by a military dictatorship. But unlike their regional counterparts, Peru’s military leaders introduced a radical program of social and economic reforms that entailed, among other measures, the nationalization of multinationals, the creation of a series of new state-run firms, and an agrarian reform process. In their drive to modernize the nation’s economy, the junta equated economic growth with national security. To pursue this ideal, the regime had to pursue an alliance with the business community. However, business figures were wary of the government’s radical discourse and its disregard for private ownership. In this chapter, we focus on the Peruvian corporate network to analyze how the relations of simultaneous collaboration and distrust between Peruvian businesses and the military government shifted centrality within the network away from Peruvian business associations and toward the economic groups that exploited direct relations with government agents.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBig business and dictatorships in Latin America
Subtitle of host publicationa transnational history of profits and repression
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Pages157-183
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-43925-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-43924-8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NamePalgrave Studies in Latin American Heterodox Economics

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