|Título de la publicación alojada||The Oxford encyclopedia of Latin American politics|
|Editores||Harry E. Vanden, Gary Prevost|
|Editorial||Oxford University Press|
|ISBN (versión digital)||978-0-19-093361-6|
|ISBN (versión impresa)||978-0-19-093360-9|
|Estado||Publicada - 2021|
The formulation of legislation aimed at promoting and protecting the rights of racial and ethnic minorities in Latin America is a phenomenon that only became prevalent in the late 20th century. In fact, it was not until the end of the 1980s that a number of countries in the region began the process of constructing Black citizenship and providing Black people citizenship rights. During this period, deemed “multicultural constitutionalism,” some Latin American countries began to identify as multicultural states and/or included Black and Afro-descendant populations in their constitutional texts. The second stage of this process continued between 1990 and 2000, wherein some countries adopted a number of policies to address and eradicate racial inequality. Through these political choices, the adopting countries moved away from a structure of color-blind legalism and toward the official recognition of Indigenous and Black peoples’ collective rights.