Domestication of international norms for sustainable resource governance: Elite capture in Peru

Maria Therese Gustafsson, Roger Merino, Martin Scurrah

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revista revisión exhaustiva

Resumen

In recent years, international actors have promoted international norms related to sustainable and inclusive resource governance. However, we know little about how such attempts are contested and adapted in domestic reform processes. Drawing on insights from norm diffusion and institutionalist theories, this article traces how first bilateral aid agencies and then OECD have influenced the institutionalisation of a contested land-use planning (LUP) reform in Peru from 1990 until 2017. Based on 145 interviews and written primary sources, we demonstrate that aid agencies have partially empowered policy coalitions (e.g., civil society and subnational actors) in favour of LUP, whereas OECD's interventions have favoured national elites opposed to LUP. In both cases, we argue that by failing to foresee the political resistance among economic actors and national elites, international actors have contributed to the weakening and elite capture of LUP. Hence, our analysis represents a case of weakly institutionalized norms. The findings extend the existing literature on extractive governance by providing a fine-grained analysis of the process in which national elites and societal coalitions domesticate the institutionalisation of international norms for sustainable and inclusive resource governance. Our findings have broader implications for debates about extractive governance as well as policy strategies for promoting institutional change in resource-rich middle-income countries.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)227-238
Número de páginas12
PublicaciónEnvironmental Policy and Governance
Volumen30
N.º5
Fecha en línea anticipada6 set. 2019
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 set. 2020

Nota bibliográfica

Funding Information:
We are grateful to all the persons that have contributed to this research, especially to all the interviewees and to Harry Echegaray, who transcribed the interviews. We would also like to thank the following persons who have taken their time to read and provide valuable comments on the manuscript: Steven Levitsky, Merilee Grindle; Jewellord Nem Singh; Theresa Squatrito; Peter Cleaves; Lisa Dellmuth; Ivan Lanegra; Manuel Glave, Joakim Kreutz; the Environmental Politics, Policy and Learning and the Global and Regional Governance research groups at the Department of Political Science at Stockholm University. Thanks also go to Marisa Remy and Natalia Gonzalez for organizing a research seminar at Instituto de Estudios Peruanos. This work was supported by the Norwegian Research Council (Project: ?Extracting Justice??) and Anna Ahlstr?m & Ellen Terserus Foundation, Stockholm University (Project: ?Territorial Planning as a Solution to Socio-Environmental Conflicts??).

Funding Information:
We are grateful to all the persons that have contributed to this research, especially to all the interviewees and to Harry Echegaray, who transcribed the interviews. We would also like to thank the following persons who have taken their time to read and provide valuable comments on the manuscript: Steven Levitsky, Merilee Grindle; Jewellord Nem Singh; Theresa Squatrito; Peter Cleaves; Lisa Dellmuth; Ivan Lanegra; Manuel Glave, Joakim Kreutz; the Environmental Politics, Policy and Learning and the Global and Regional Governance research groups at the Department of Political Science at Stockholm University. Thanks also go to Marisa Remy and Natalia Gonzalez for organizing a research seminar at . This work was supported by the Norwegian Research Council (Project: “Extracting Justice?”) and Anna Ahlström & Ellen Terserus Foundation, Stockholm University (Project: “Territorial Planning as a Solution to Socio‐Environmental Conflicts?”). Instituto de Estudios Peruanos

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Authors. Environmental Policy and Governance published by ERP Environment and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Palabras clave

  • OECD
  • Peru
  • extractive governance
  • land-use planning
  • norm diffusion
  • resource governance institutions

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