Direct and indirect effects of a massive piped water expansion on child-related outcomes

Alberto Chong, Virgilio Galdo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revista revisión exhaustiva


We explore the effects of a massive water supply and sanitation expansion on child mortality, schooling, and child labor in Ecuador. We combine census data with project administrative information to identify treated dwellings. A matching differences-in-differences estimator is used to identify treatment effects. We find a child mortality reduction of about 8.1%, an increase in children formal schooling of 1.3%, and a reduction in child labor of 13.7%, all attributable to the intervention. We also find heterogeneous treatment effects suggesting that those in the poorest quartiles benefit the least from the intervention. However, even in the latter case, if a woman had at least primary education, the household may still enjoy benefits.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1576-1600
Número de páginas25
PublicaciónReview of Development Economics
Fecha en línea anticipada26 may. 2021
EstadoPublicada - ago. 2021

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

Funding Information:
We are grateful to Bertha Briceno who worked on a very early draft and to seminar participants at McMaster University, the Organization of American States, University of Ottawa, University of Toronto, University of Virginia, World Bank and York University for very useful comments. The data that support the findings of this study are available upon reasonable request. All remaining errors and omissions are our own.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd


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