Reducing the prevalence of teenage pregnancy remains an elusive goal for public policy in Peru. We use longitudinal data from the Young Lives Study in Peru to investigate on an extensive set of early circumstances and life changes that might be the risk factors for teenage childbearing—about one out of five girls in the sample was a teenage mother. The use of longitudinal data allows us to reduce the methodological concerns common to this type of analysis. According to our results, growing up in a poor household, being raised in a single-parent household, leaving school at or before age 15, performing badly in school at age 12, and having the first sexual relation at or under age 16 are the key risk factors for early childbearing. From a time-varying perspective, we uncover the importance of changes in the characteristics of a child and household that occurred prior to childbearing. Among other factors, we find that improvements in self-efficacy and education aspirations during adolescence are associated with a decrease in the probability of early childbearing. Risk factors identified are considerably more relevant—in most cases, only relevant—for girls. From a policy perspective, our results suggest that initiatives aimed at improving school attendance, sexual education, and socioemotional competencies among adolescents might be effective tools to reduce the high rates of teenage pregnancy in Peru.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information: Thanks to Grace Chang for her excellent research assistance. Young Lives/Ni?os del Milenio is an international study of childhood poverty (www.younglives.org.uk). Young Lives was core-funded from 2001 to 2017 by aid from the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and was cofunded by IrishAid from 2014 to 2015. The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation funds aspects of Young Lives gender research (2014?2016), including the initial research carried out for this article. The Old Dart Foundation provided funding to continue with this research. The views expressed are those of the authors. This study was funded by The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation (grant number 2014-9994), and by Old Dart Foundation.
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
- Young Lives
- longitudinal data
- teenage fertility