The migration journey and mental health: Evidence from Venezuelan forced migration

Haley Carroll, Marta Luzes, Luisa Feline Freier, Matthew D. Bird

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a journalpeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Using migration of Venezuelans to Peru as a case example, we surveyed migrants on mental health and migration factors at the Ecuador-Peru border.• Pre-migration: No factors associated with anxiety; choosing Peru for safety or expected respect for Venezuelans increased odds of depression.• Migration: Walking and education increased odds of anxiety; choosing Peru decreased odds of anxiety; being pregnant increased odds of depression.•Link between migration factors and mental health is concerning, as the associated distress may influence post-migration mental health.•More work is needed to understand the influence of the journey on the mental health outcomes of migrants over time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100551
Number of pages11
JournalSSM - Population Health
Early online date5 Feb 2020
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Bibliographical note

© 2020 The Authors.

© 2020 The Authors.


  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Mental health
  • Migration
  • Peru
  • Venezuela


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