Indigenous organizations, international actors, and national authorities portray different images of the relationship between ‘Indigenous Peoples’ and the natural environment. Based on these images, these actors deploy ecological, economic, and security arguments to create or transform protected areas. By exploring three cases of conflicts over inception and management of protected areas in the Peruvian Amazon this paper maps the tensions around the different images and explores how indigenous organizations and state authorities - backed by international actors - engage with security, economic and ecological rationales from their own sovereignty standpoint. The paper argues that the State weakens indigenous political aspiration of sovereign territorial control by translating this agenda into depoliticized mechanisms and assumptions of modern international environmentalism, which ultimately limits their capacity to truly contribute to conservation goals. Rather, a ‘nation-building’ approach to conservation, by conceiving Indigenous Nations as sovereign partners in environmental management, might give environmental initiatives legitimacy.
|Translated title of the contribution||Global conservation, protected areas, and indigenous nations in the Peruvian Amazon|
|Title of host publication||Desafíos y perspectivas de la situación ambiental en el Perú|
|Subtitle of host publication||En el marco de la conmemoración de los 200 años de vida republicana|
|Editors||Augusto Castro, María Isabel Merino|
|Place of Publication||Lima|
|Publisher||Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Instituto de la Naturaleza, Tierra y Energía|
|State||Published - 2022|