Los efectos persistentes de la mita minera en el Perú

Melissa Dell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a journalpeer-review


This study utilizes regression discontinuity to examine the long-run impacts of the mita, an extensive forced mining labor system in effect in Peru and Bolivia between 1573 and 1812. Results indicate that a mita effect lowers household consumption by around 25% and increases the prevalence of stunted growth in children by around 6 percentage points in subjected districts today. Using data from the Spanish Empire and Peruvian Republic to trace channels of institutional persistence, I show that the mita’s influence has persisted through its impacts on land tenure and public goods provision. Mita districts historically had fewer large landowners and lower educational attainment. Today, they are less integrated into road networks and their residents are substantially more likely to be subsistence farmers.
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)211-265
Issue number68
StatePublished - Jan 2011


  • Bienes públicos
  • Mita
  • Tenencia de la tierra
  • Trabajo forzado.

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