Logros y límites de la integración andina: 1989-2005

Translated title of the contribution: Achievements and limits of andean integration: 1989-2005

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This article examines the achievements and limits of the economic integration process in the Andean Community of Nations (CAN) subregion during the period 1989-2005. In accordance to the «open regionalism» approach embraced by CAN along that period, progress is assessed both in regards to the «internal agenda» and to the «external agenda» of Andean integration. Main achievements are the full completion of the subregional free trade zone and successful negotiations with the United States, the EU and Mercosur. Whereas main limitations are found in the incapability to establish a customs union among all CAN members and to conduct community trade negotiations with third countries. Both short comings reflecting difficulties yet to be overcome to duly adopt the exigent European model of integration, as well as unequal national capacities to take profit from the subregional market benefits. Reasons why CAN seems to be evolving towards and hybrid model of integration, incorporating some mechanisms inspired by US’s recent trade agreements while trying to keep the institutional arrangements of European inspiration.
Translated title of the contributionAchievements and limits of andean integration: 1989-2005
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)31-60
Issue number65
StatePublished - Jul 2009


  • Comunidad Andina de Naciones


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