Iron deficiency and schooling attainment in Peru

Alberto Chong, Isabelle Cohen, Erica Field, Eduardo Nakasone, Maximo Torero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a journalpeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Do nutritional deficiencies contribute to the intergenerational persistence of poverty by reducing the earnings potential of future generations? To address this question, we made available supplemental iron pills at a health center in rural Peru and encouraged adolescents to take them via media messages. School administrative data provide novel evidence that reducing iron deficiency results in a large and significant improvement in school performance and aspirations for anemic students. Our findings demonstrate that combining lowcost outreach efforts and local supplementation programs can be an affordable and effective method of reducing rates of adolescent iron deficiency anemia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-255
Number of pages34
JournalAmerican Economic Journal: Applied Economics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


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