Household electrification and indoor air pollution

Manuel Barron, Maximo Torero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a journalpeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper provides the first experimental evidence that household electrification leads to substantial reductions in indoor air pollution. Two years after electricity rollout, we measured overnight fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentration, which was on average 66% lower among households that were randomly encouraged to connect to the electrical grid compared to those that were not. As a result, prevalence of acute respiratory infections among children under six was 8-14 percentage points lower in the former group. We find suggestive evidence that these changes are at least partly driven by reductions in kerosene use.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-92
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Environmental Economics and Management
Volume86
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Fine particulate matter
  • Health
  • Household electrification
  • Indoor air pollution

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