This chapter presents the driving forces of the middle income trap in Peru and its performance on relevant indicators of economic development relative to China as well other countries. We first compare Peru and China according to the source of economic growth. Second, we put emphasis on components of competitiveness of a country such as efficiency, innovation, institutions, infrastructure, macroeconomic stability, labor market, education, health among others; in addition, we compare Peru and China relative to other economies such as the US in such productivity components. Third, we compare the main drivers of both countries within a comparative analysis over time; for that we estimate an econometric growth model for 102 countries from 1960 to 2015; we find that for the last two decades the main driver for Peru has come from structural and macroeconomic stabilization policies, and for China from structural policies.
|Title of host publication||Finding a way to avoid the middle income trap :|
|Subtitle of host publication|| The cases of China and Peru|
|Editors||Rosario Santa Gadea, Yuyan Zhang|
|Place of Publication||Pekin, China|
|Publisher||China Social Sciences Press|
|State||Published - 2021|
Co-edited by the Institute of World Economics and Politics (IWEP) of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) and the Center for China and Asia-Pacific Studies of Universidad del Pacífico.