¿Cómo se hace un análisis del entorno económico empresarial?

Translated title of the contribution: How is an analysis of the enterprise economic environment done?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a journalpeer-review


The proper interpretation of the evolution of the economy is a useful tool to improve corporate decision-making. The aim of this paper is to explain, with examples applied to the current economic reality, how an analysis of the economic environment is made and how it serves for the corporate strategic planning. To do this, after the explanation of the overall conceptual framework; gross domestic product, inflation and external deficit as indicators, key in the "language" used by analysts are defined. These are economic indicators, related, that depend on domestic policy and exogenous shocks, defined as events that are out of the hands of economic policy designers, but that influence the three variables, such as the international financial crisis. Following it, the formalization through macroeconomic identities is made, in order to finally explain "how is the economy" through them; and the relationship between the internal to the external economic environment. Bringing the economy to business should be a priority in an increasingly integrated context, characterized by the fact that the positive and the negative of what happens in the world economy is transmitted through various channels, to companies located in different countries. Hence, companies should broaden their vision, as the economic environment does not only include what happens within the country, but the future of the world economy.
Translated title of the contributionHow is an analysis of the enterprise economic environment done?
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)72-92
JournalJournal of Business
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2010


  • Brecha externa
  • Entorno económico
  • Inflación
  • Producto interno bruto
  • crisis externas


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