Bioenergy crop production in the United States: Potential quantities, land use changes, and economic impacts on the agricultural sector

Marie E. Walsh, Daniel G. De La Torre Ugarte, Hosein Shapouri, Stephen P. Slinsky

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

157 Scopus citations

Abstract

The U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Energy jointly analyzed the economic potential for, and impacts of, large-scale bioenergy crop production in the United States. An agricultural sector model (POLYSYS) was modified to include three potential bioenergy crops (switchgrass, hybrid poplar, and willow). At farmgate prices of US $2.44/GJ, an estimated 17 million hectares of bioenergy crops, annually yielding 171 million dry Mg of biomass, could potentially be produced at a profit greater than existing agricultural uses for the land. The estimate assumes high productivity management practices are permitted on Conservation Reserve Program lands. Traditional crops prices are estimated to increase 9 to 14 percent above baseline prices and farm income increases annually by US $6.0 billion above baseline. At farmgate prices of US $1.83/GJ, an estimated 7.9 million hectares of bioenergy crops, annually yielding 55 million dry Mg of biomass, could potentially be produced at a profit greater than existing agricultural uses for the land. The estimate assumes management practices intended to achieve high environmental benefits on Conservation Reserve Program lands. Traditional crops prices are estimated to increase 4 to 9 percent above baseline prices and farm income increases annually by US $2.8 billion above baseline.
Original languageEnglish
Pages313-333
Number of pages21
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes
EventEnvironmental and Resource Economics -
Duration: 1 Apr 2003 → …

Conference

ConferenceEnvironmental and Resource Economics
Period1/04/03 → …

Keywords

  • Agricultural income
  • Bioenergy crops
  • Biomass
  • Conservation Reserve Program
  • Hybrid poplar
  • Land-use changes
  • Switchgrass
  • Willow

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