Barriers to exit

Alberto Chong, Gianmarco León

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a journalpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Unlike previous work on barriers to entry in international trade, we test four theories on barriers to exit, and find that macroeconomic and brain drain explanations explain them, while institutional and cultural hypotheses are not empirically robust. Findings are robust.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-97
Number of pages5
JournalEconomics Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Development
  • Institutions
  • Labor
  • Passport costs
  • Trade


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