Índice de desigualdad y crecimiento económico en América Latina

Translated title of the contribution: Inequality index and economic growth in Latin America

Germán Alarco Tosoni, César Castillo García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle in a journalpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The paper presents an inequality composite index of three components: wealth distribution, factorial income distribution and personal income distribution. This index allows us to analyze different results for the various Latin American economies and for the region as whole in the period 1980-2016. In addition, the paper assesses a dispersion analysis for each of the index components. Finally, we evaluate the effects of the inequality index on economic growth for each Latin American economy by using Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) and dynamic panel data models. The negative coefficient for the entire region shows that the greater (lower) social inequality, the lower (greater) the percentage variation of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
Translated title of the contributionInequality index and economic growth in Latin America
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)106-134
Number of pages29
JournalInvestigacion Economica
Issue number314
StatePublished - 21 Sep 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Economía. Este es un artículo Open Access bajo la licencia CCBY-NC-ND (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).


  • Inequality
  • wealth distribution
  • personal distribution
  • economic growth


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